Americans refuse to quit this deadly habit

Staff report -

COLUMBUS — The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety’s latest research finds drivers who have been in at least one crash in the past two years are significantly more likely to engage in risky behaviors like speeding or texting, even when they think the police may catch them. As more Ohioans hit the roads after staying at home, AAA urges drivers to drive safely and avoid falling back into dangerous driving habits.

“The frequency of drivers in the United States engaging in improper behavior is too high. While drivers acknowledge that certain activities behind the wheel — like texting, are dangerous, some do them anyway,” said Dr. David Yang, Executive Director of the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. “We need to be aware of the serious consequences of engaging in these types of dangerous driving behavior and change course.”

The Foundation’s annual Traffic Safety Culture Index (TSCI), which highlights the gap between drivers’ attitudes and their reported behaviors, found that drivers perceive distracted, aggressive and impaired driving as dangerous. Yet many of them admit to engaging in at least one of these exact behaviors in the 30 days before the survey. The numbers were even higher for those involved in a recent crash:

  • 50 percent of those involved in a recent crash admit to talking on a hand-held device while driving in the past month vs. 42 percent not involved in a crash
  • 43 percent of those involved in a recent crash admit to texting while driving in the past month vs. 27 percent not involved in a crash
  • 39 percent of those involved in a recent crash admit to running a red light in the past month vs. 30 percent not involved in a crash

This data shows that people are not altering their behavior even when it has resulted in a crash.

Of all dangerous driving tasks, drivers dubbed these two extremely or very dangerous:

  • Driving when so tired, it was hard to keep your eyes open (96 percent)
  • Driving while typing or sending a text message or an email (96 percent)

Yet many of these same drivers text when behind the wheel, even when they believe there is a risk of getting caught by police for reading (43.7 percent) or typing (42.7 percent) a text message.

Positive Trend:

When compared with 2018 findings, drivers reported they are engaging in some dangerous behaviors less frequently. Talking on a hand-held cell phone saw the most significant decrease, down from 52.1 percent to 43.2 percent of drivers who admit to doing this.

This comes as a growing number of states enact handheld phone bans. Recently, Idaho, Indiana, South Dakota and Virginia enacted new handheld bans, bringing the total number of states with a handheld ban to 25 and Washington D.C. For the first time, more than 50 percent of the U.S. population lives in a state with a handheld ban. In Ohio, SB 285, sponsored by Senators Sean O’Brien and Stephanie Kunze, proposes to prohibit drivers on Ohio’s roads from operating a motor vehicle while using, holding, or supporting an electronic device with any part of the body.

“If you point to the dangerous driving behaviors of others that you sometimes do yourself, then you are the problem,” said Jake Nelson, AAA’s director of traffic safety advocacy and research. “I’m encouraged to see a slight shift toward safer driving behaviors, but we have more work to do. Stay focused on driving. This is a must.”

AAA recommends drivers follow these safety tips:

Out of sight, out of mind. Stow your smartphone away, turn it to airplane mode, or activate call/text blocking features like Apple’s Do Not Disturb.

Slow down. Drivers tend to overestimate time saved by speeding. You’d have to travel 100 miles to save roughly 5 minutes, moving at 75 mph instead of 70 mph. Speed kills and isn’t worth the cost.

Stay alert. Stop driving if you become sleepy because you could fall asleep at any time. Fatigue impacts reaction time, judgment, and vision, causing people who are very tired to behave in similar ways to those who are drunk.

Only drive sober. If you consume marijuana, alcohol, or use potentially impairing prescription medications, then don’t drive. And if you’re going to drive, then don’t consume these substances. If you are taking prescription medications, visit Roadwise Rx to learn if they can impair driving.

And always wear your seat belt.

The annual TSCI identifies attitudes and behaviors related to traffic safety. The survey data are from a sample of 2,714 licensed drivers ages 16 or older who reported driving in the 30 days before the survey, which was administered between Sept. 6 and Oct. 8, 2019. The AAA Foundation issued its first TSCI in 2008, and the latest report is online:

Staff report